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“It is the time you have wasted for your rose that makes your rose so important.”
~ Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, The Little Prince, 1943
There are over a hundred species of roses and thousands of cultivars. Of the three main categories of roses, Old Garden Roses are the "historic "and "antique "roses that predate 1867. Wild Roses are "species" roses that lack the cross-breeding and hybridization of modern roses. And Modern Garden Roses are bred for larger bloom size and more continuous flowering. Scottish roses, a thorny variety of wild rose, are all hybrids of Rosa spinosissima (previously known as R. pimpinellifoloia) . They form dense-growing shrubs with little flowers and thrive even under very poor conditions, the original species growing on cliffs by the sea. Once a feature of many vintage gardens, they are now coming back into fashion. In addition to being prized for their beauty and perfume, the fruit of the rose flower, rose hips, are occasionally made into jam, jelly, syrup marmalade, soup, or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. Rose water, the distilled essence of the petals, has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine - especially in sweets such as baklava, halva, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight! All hail the rose?🌹
There are over a hundred species of roses and thousands of cultivars. Roses have been cultivated since ancient times for their beauty and use.
Two rose species are sometimes referred to as "Scotch" roses.
Rosa spinosissima, meaning "the most spiny," is covered all over in prickles and bristles of different sizes.
Rosa pimpinellifolia, also known as the burnet rose, is a species of rose native to western, central and southern Europe (north to Iceland and Norway) and northwest Africa. It is generally restricted to sand dunes or limestone pavements or coastal distribution.
In emblematic terms, Rosa pimpinellifolia is particularly associated with Scotland, where it is traditionally referenced in poetry and song, and is a symbolic native plant second only to the thistle.
This tartan, designed by Carol A.L. Martin, was inspired particularly by pink and yellow roses.
For a gallery of Scotch roses still cultivated today, click the rose!