Coal Miner's Day
International Coal Miners Day highlights this toughest profession and the people past and present who have worked the coal mines. On this day several organisations, communities raises funds and awareness for other organisations in the coal mining area and workers.
The history of coal mining goes back thousands of years. Archeological evidence in China indicates surface mining of coal and household usage after approximately 3490 BC.
In 1575, Sir George Bruce of Carnock of Culross, Scotland, opened the first coal mine to extract coal from a "moat pit" under the sea on the Firth of Forth. He constructed an artificial loading island into which he sank a 40 ft shaft that connected to another two shafts for drainage and improved ventilation. The technology was far in advance of any coal mining method in the late medieval period and was considered one of the industrial wonders of the age.
It became important in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity.
This tartan is a tribute to celebrate their lives and commemorate the legacy of coal miners and their families. Their struggles, sacrifices and contributions live on in story, song and now in textile. Colours: blue represents the sky and ocean the miners work beneath; yellow represents sunshine; grey is for the steel rails and black is coal.
Designed by Deana A. Lloy, this tartan is intended for use by those with a coal mining background, family and community friends.
For more on women in mining, the 'Pit Brow' lasses of the 19th century, click the miners!